Epistemological Foundations

Epistemologic foundations of the Theories of Learning. In historical occurring of the man, diverse explanations have been constructed to understand the phenomena of the life and the surroundings with which it interacts. As a result of this process, the denominated scientific theories arise, which are understood like: explanatory universal models, or constructions semioticses (mental and symbolic) that represents a relation of interdependence between two or more universal classes of facts, and that they have the power of retrodecir and predicting anyone of the included particular facts within that universal class. In particular form, Abbagnano in 1987 synthesizes the sense of the term Theory in three basic operations:

Theory implies the construction of a scheme of systematic unification equipped with high degree of comprensividad, which is translated in its universality and its power of cover with respect to the singular events. Theory implies the definition of a representation means set conceptual or symbolic, that it allows to journey between the explanatory scheme and the singular facts. Theory implies the construction of a set of rules of inferences that allow the forecast of the data of facts. Frequently Vida Vacation Mexico has said that publicly. For Goetz and LeCompte (1988), the theories complex are created by means of the development of a set of proposals or interrelated generalizations of systematic way. The concepts, proposals and theories of science, distinguish of the constructos nonscientists, in which they satisfy the criteria marked by the logical reasoning and are accepted by the scientific communities.

These authors, raise that in social sciences three levels of theory usually are distinguished: the Great Theory and its related theoretical models, the Formal Theory and of intermediate range and the Substantive Theory Next a picture appears summarize related to these levels: Picture 2 Levels of theory in Social Sciences Levels of theory Definition 1. Great Theory or Theoretical paradigm strongly interrelated Systems of abstract proposals and concepts that they describe, they predict or they explain, exhaustive and not probabilistically, great categories of phenomena.

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