According to the accredited agency transparency international ranks Venezuela as one of the most corrupt countries in the world, surpassing the occurred far in the democratic era. The sustainable human development (DHS), according to the Unesco, means the process of expansion of the capabilities of people who expand their options and opportunities (UNDP). But not limited to access to employment and to education and health services, as it encompasses other fundamental dimensions of humanity, such as the enjoyment of civil and political liberties and the participation of the people in the various aspects that affect their lives. The concept of human development includes, therefore, the issue of democratic governance, participation and citizen surveillance, and the generation of social capital. The unemployment rate closed at 9.6 per cent in the last month, which meant a jump of 1.6 percentage points compared to the result for that month of the year last, when it stood at 8%.
The President of the National Institute of statistics (INE), noted that the rate of informality stood in 43.4% in August. There has been over the past eleven years a reduction of more than 40% of employers centres private in Venezuela, that has resulted in the increase in the rate of unemployment and the informal economy. To this we must add him as significant fact the process of expropriation in so far the year only have expropriated 234 companies, excluding agricultural that has brought in progressive deterioration of the private sector and it has been demonstrated that companies that have been subjected to this conversion, have significantly lowered their efficiency. Only the State enterprises have increased their payroll because of the current regime political proselytism. Mentioned only – for reasons of space–the case of Pdvsa, in 1998 had a payroll of 40,000 workers. By 2002, due to the expansion plan, it increased to 42,000 workers professional and with the oil strike was dismissed to 22,000.